This Curriculum uses the Activity-Discussion-Inputs-Deepening-Synthesis approach, also referred to as the ADIDS approach to learning. All the content to guide trainers using this curriculum has been organised according to this approach.
This is an adult learning approach that has been used effectively in advocacy and skills training on human rights issues. It has been found to be useful in helping participants with minimal technical knowledge better understand concepts as complex as digital security and Online safety. For trainers, it can also provide a useful framework when creating lesson plans.
The operating principle behind the ADIDS approach is that adult learners benefit most from the information presented in stages, and in a variety of formats – i.e., group activities, case studies, slide, and audiovisual presentations, facilitated discussions, group work, hands-on practice, and reflection.
This approach creates a comprehensive learning environment by taking into consideration the needs of kinesthetic learners (who need to do something physically to understand), as well as visual learners (who rely on pictures, diagrams, and video) and auditory learners (who learn through hearing material such as lectures).
“Adults learn best when they take responsibility for their own learning” – Malcolm S. Knowles (The Modern Practice of Adult Education: From Pedagogy to Andragogy) Andragogy, which comes from the Greek word ‘and’ (relating to “man” or an adult) and ‘gogy’ meaning “led”. Andragogy, as a learning model, then, means adult-led, adult-focused, and adult-driven learning.
These five statements summarize Knowles’ theory:
- Adults need to understand and accept the reason for learning a specific skill.
- Experience (including error) provides the basis for learning activities.
- Adults need to be involved in both the planning and evaluation of their learning.
- Adult learning is problem-centered rather than content-oriented.
- Most adults are interested in learning what has immediate relevance to their professional and social lives.